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Old September 28th, 2009, 06:55 PM   #31
Archaic
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Thumbs up 1862 Poem Eulogizing Prince Albert By Inmate Edward Oxford

Here is an exceedingly rare document,
an original hand-written poem by the 'failed assassin' of Queen Victoria, Edward Oxford.

The 2-page poem has been made available to us courtesy of Stewart P. Evans.
(Thanks, Stewart!)

The poem is titled "Steadfast and True" and eulogizes the sudden and untimely death of Prince Albert which occurred one month previously in December 1861. Prince Albert died of of Typhoid Fever at the very young age of 42, leaving his wife Queen Victoria utterly bereft. In addition to being the Queen, she was the mother of 9 children, the eldest of them just 19 years old.

It's very interesting that Oxford wrote this poem, and couched it in such "High Victorian" romantic terms, as he was living in a Criminal Lunatic Asylum for having attempted to assassinate Queen Victoria and Prince Albert!
He actually fired 2 pistols at them as they rode in their open carriage. Prince Albert instantly flung himself over his wife to protect her, and the crowd wrestled the gunman to the ground.

Oxford wrote this poem while incarcerated at Bethlem Royal Hospital (Bedlam).
Like his fellow patient Richard Dadd, Oxford was transferred to Broadmoor when the new facility opened.


Edward Oxford Poem, Page 1:



Edward Oxford Poem, Page 2:


(Thanks to Rob Clack for helping to make the above images more distinct.)


Prince Albert, 1842 Portrait By Winterhalter:
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Old September 29th, 2009, 01:19 PM   #32
Archaic
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Default Edward Oxford's Attempted Assasination of Queen Victoria

This illustration depicts Edward Oxford firing his pistol at young Queen Victoria as she rode in an open carriage with her husband, Prince Albert. Albert is shown throwing himself over his wife to shield her.

The shots rang out as a little 10-year old boy by the name of John Millais raised his cap to the Queen;
the boy's father managed to knock the gunman to the ground as he fired his second pistol.
This little boy grew up to be great English artist John Everett Millais.

The Queen was pregnant with her first child, the Princess Royal, but the baby was unharmed.
The nation and in fact the entire world were deeply shocked by this event.

Oxford was tried but found mentally incompetent and sentenced to Bethlem Royal Hospital.
Later he was transferred to the new Broadmoor Asylum.



NOTE: The attempted assassination was dramatized in the excellent BBC series "The Young Victoria".
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Old September 30th, 2009, 01:48 PM   #33
Archaic
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Thumbs up Oxford Trial Presented in 1850 Law Book

If you would like to read a contemporary account of the Oxford case which includes the trial evidence,
witness testimony, and extensive discussions of how to reliably prove the sanity or insanity
of the attempted assassin, I found it available for free download on Google Books.

Modern State Trials by William Charles Townsend, 1850: The Oxford Trial

http://books.google.com/books?id=Zgi...age&q=&f=false
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Old October 2nd, 2009, 02:50 PM   #34
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Thumbs up The Newgate Calendar: Edward Oxford Trial

Here's another account of the Oxford Trial with more discussions of how to go about determining Insanity in a Criminal. Because he was found to be Insane, Oxford narrowly escaped being hung for his attack on the Queen- which, by the way, was considered Treason and not just "Attempted Murder".

I'll post some more of the Newgate Calendar on my 'Bollards' thread soon; there are a number of fascinating stories contained within it... some are rather bloodcurdling!

The purpose of the Newgate Calendar was "improve the mind" of the reader by showing them detailed examples of exactly what comes of wrong-doing and crime... namely, the gallows!

The Newgate Calendar- Edward Oxford Trial: http://www.exclassics.com/newgate/ng630.htm
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Old October 14th, 2009, 01:47 AM   #35
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Old November 11th, 2011, 08:38 PM   #36
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Default Plans Afoot

Broadmoor on the 2011 Endangered List of Victorian Buildings. Plan to demolish part, convert part to a boutique hotel and build homes. (?) That's what it said

http://www.victoriansociety.org.uk/n...tal-berkshire/

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Old March 31st, 2013, 02:18 AM   #37
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Default Broadmoor Central Hall

Quote:
Originally Posted by Archaic View Post
The Broadmoor Asylum Chapel.

>A question just occurred to me: Did Broadmoor have a Cemetery?

Many Asylums did.

This is a photograph of the Central Hall taken from the Terrace. This venue was used for, Church services, Visits and social events eg. visiting entertainers and mixed male/female dances. It was also used for coronial inquests.
MS

Last edited by Merv Sprague; April 2nd, 2013 at 02:38 AM. Reason: Typo
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Old March 31st, 2013, 09:24 AM   #38
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Welcome to the boards, Merv !
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Old April 2nd, 2013, 09:28 PM   #39
Merv Sprague
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Default Broadmoor Hospital Cemetery

Quote:
Originally Posted by Archaic View Post
The Broadmoor Asylum Chapel.

>A question just occurred to me: Did Broadmoor have a Cemetery?

Many Asylums did.

It certainly did. The old Cemetery was located outside the main hospital behind the original terraced staff married staff quarters. I recall that there was a small chapel there too. Demolition took place circa 1972? Up until that time burials were conducted for those patients that had died in non suspicious circumstances.

Given that the extensive time frame, it is difficult to estimate how many were interred in 'Block 8'. As there were seven blocks in the hospital; a transfer to Block 8' was cynical Staff reference to the final escape to the great asylum in the skies! Unfortunately, I have never seen any photographs of the original site.
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Last edited by Merv Sprague; April 2nd, 2013 at 09:28 PM. Reason: Typo
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Old April 2nd, 2013, 09:37 PM   #40
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Roy Corduroy View Post
Broadmoor on the 2011 Endangered List of Victorian Buildings. Plan to demolish part, convert part to a boutique hotel and build homes. (?) That's what it said

http://www.victoriansociety.org.uk/n...tal-berkshire/

Roy
Yes Roy, I have read this too. Although it would in my view be a wanton act to destroy such a magnificent memorial to the Victorian age, there are big issues with safety. Each gallery [corridor] floor was polished with a glutinous wax which seeped into the cavities below. The end result was a massive build up of polish which was a major fire hazard. To convert any block would entail virtually all the existing supporting structures.
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